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Nelumbo nucifera

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Name: Nelumbo nucifera
Synonyms/Scientific names: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. [1]
Synonyms/common names :
Indian Lotus, Sacred Lotus, Bean of Lotus, Lotus[2]
Trade name:
Description: Family : Nelumbonaceae[2]
Extract used: Acetone-Water extract of seedpod has been used in radioprotection study[3]
seeds :
alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, tannins and terpenoids[4]
leaves :
(3S,5R,6S,7E)- megastigma-7-ene-3,5,6,9-tetrol;
dendranthemoside B;
icariside B2;
sedumoside F1;
quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucuronide;
quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucoside;
isorhamnetin 3-O-rutinoside;
alphitolic acid;
maslinic acid; and N-methylasimilobine[5]
& Indications:
Pharmcological Action-
analgesic in rats[6]
antipyretic in rats[7]
hypocholesteremic in rats[9]
Therapeutic indications:
Preclinical study-
1. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology (5 Volume Set) by Quattrocchi U, CRC Press, 2016, Page no. 2616.
2. Plant Biology 2nd edition, By Graham and Wilcox, Cram101 Textbook Reviews, 2016, Page no. 478.
3. Duan Y et al, Whole body radioprotective activity of an acetone–water extract from the seedpod of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. seedpod. Food and Chemical Toxicology 2010;48: 3374–3384.
4. Shukla K, Chaturvedi N, Investigation on preliminary phytochemical and proximate analysis of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn Seeds. International Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Reasearch 2015;4(2):
5. Kim KH et al, Phytochemical constituents of Nelumbo nucifera. Natural Product Sciences 2009;15(2) : 90-95.
6. Vikrama CP, Gopakumar N, Evaluation of analgesic activity of Lotus seeds (Nelumbo nucifera) in albino rats. Vet World. 2009; 2(9): 355-357.
7. Sinha S et al, Evaluation of antipyretic potential of Nelumbo nucifera stalk extract. Phytother. Res. 2000;14(4): 272–274.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/10991573( 200006)14:4<272::AIDPTR556> 3.0.CO;2H
8. Sohn DH et al, Hepatoprotective and free radical scavenging effects of Nelumbo nucifera. Phytomedicine. 2003;10(23): 165-9.
9. Lee JJ, Park SY, Lee MY, Effect of Lotus Root(Nelumbo nucifera G.) on lipid metabolism in rats with diet induced hypercholesterolemia. Korean Journal of Food Preservation 2006;13(5):634-642.