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Nelumbo nucifera

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GENERAL FEATURES

Name: Nelumbo nucifera
Synonyms/Scientific names: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. [1]
Synonyms/common names :
Indian Lotus, Sacred Lotus, Bean of Lotus, Lotus[2]
Trade name:
Description: Family : Nelumbonaceae[2]
Extract used: Acetone-Water extract of seedpod has been used in radioprotection study[3]
Phyto-constituents
(active):
seeds :
alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, tannins and terpenoids[4]
leaves :
(E)-3-hydroxymegastigm-7-en-9-one;
(3S,5R,6S,7E)- megastigma-7-ene-3,5,6,9-tetrol;
dendranthemoside B;
icariside B2;
sedumoside F1;
luteolin;
quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucuronide;
quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucoside;
isorhamnetin 3-O-rutinoside;
alphitolic acid;
maslinic acid; and N-methylasimilobine[5]
Actions
& Indications:
Pharmcological Action-
analgesic in rats[6]
antipyretic in rats[7]
heptoprotective[8]
hypocholesteremic in rats[9]
Therapeutic indications:
Preclinical study-
Notes:
REFERENCES
1. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology (5 Volume Set) by Quattrocchi U, CRC Press, 2016, Page no. 2616.
https://books.google.com/books?id=-37OBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA2616
2. Plant Biology 2nd edition, By Graham and Wilcox, Cram101 Textbook Reviews, 2016, Page no. 478.
https://books.google.com/books?id=CTshAgAAQBAJ&pg=PT478
3. Duan Y et al, Whole body radioprotective activity of an acetone–water extract from the seedpod of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. seedpod. Food and Chemical Toxicology 2010;48: 3374–3384.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2010.09.008
4. Shukla K, Chaturvedi N, Investigation on preliminary phytochemical and proximate analysis of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn Seeds. International Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Reasearch 2015;4(2):
http://ijppr.humanjournals.com/36-2/
5. Kim KH et al, Phytochemical constituents of Nelumbo nucifera. Natural Product Sciences 2009;15(2) : 90-95.
http://naturalproduct.skku.edu/erp/erpmenus/professor_thesis/uploadfiles/%EC%97%B0%EC%9E%8E.pdf
6. Vikrama CP, Gopakumar N, Evaluation of analgesic activity of Lotus seeds (Nelumbo nucifera) in albino rats. Vet World. 2009; 2(9): 355-357.
http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=36517
7. Sinha S et al, Evaluation of antipyretic potential of Nelumbo nucifera stalk extract. Phytother. Res. 2000;14(4): 272–274.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/10991573( 200006)14:4<272::AIDPTR556> 3.0.CO;2H
8. Sohn DH et al, Hepatoprotective and free radical scavenging effects of Nelumbo nucifera. Phytomedicine. 2003;10(23): 165-9.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1078/094471103321659889
9. Lee JJ, Park SY, Lee MY, Effect of Lotus Root(Nelumbo nucifera G.) on lipid metabolism in rats with diet induced hypercholesterolemia. Korean Journal of Food Preservation 2006;13(5):634-642.
http://www.koreascience.or.kr/article/ArticleFullRecord.jsp?cn=SPOSBX_2006_v13n5_634