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Echinacea purpurea

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Name: Echinacea purpurea
Synonyms/Scientific names: Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench[1]
Brauneria purpurea (L.) Britton [1]
Synonyms/common names :
Purple coneflower[2]
black sampson, comb flower[1]
Trade name:
Echinacin (Madaus AG, Germany)[3]
IMMUNVITA by EMA Pharm Pharmaceuticals[4]
Description: Family : Asteraceae[1],[2]
Extract used:
Phenylpropanoids , flavanoids, terpenoids, Polyacetylenes, alkylamides, alkaloids[5]
Aerial parts
(2S)-1-O-octacosanoyl glycerol; (5R,6S)-6-hydroxy-6-((E)-3-hydroxybut-1-enyl)-1,1, 5-trimethylcyclohexanone; (3S, 6E, 10R)-3, 10, 11-trihydroxy-3, 7, 11-trimethyl-dodeca-1, 6-diene; negunfurol; schensianol A ; ent-4 (15) -eudesmene-1beta, 6alpha-diol; (E) -5-hydroxy-N-isobutylpentadec-2-enamide; syringaresinol; quercetin; ethyl laurate; ethyl caffeate; ferulic acid; alpha-spinasterol; stigmasterol; beta-daucosterol; octacosanoic acid [6]
& Indications:
Pharmcological Action-
anti-inflammatory in mice[7]
Therapeutic indications:
Preclinical study-
1. Echinacea purpurea ; In : Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 7, Flowers, by Lim TK, Springer Science & Business Media, 2013, page no. 340.
2. Chapter 83. Purple coneflower and other Echinacea species; In : Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances: Foods, Fungi, Medicinal Herbs, Plants and Venomous Animals, Barceloux DG, John Wiley & Sons, 2008, page no. 568.
3. Abouelella AMK et al, Phytotherapeutic effects of Echinacea purpurea in gamma-irradiated mice. J Vet Sci 2007; 8(4): 341-351.
4. Tawfill SS et al, Phyto therapeutic and immuno-modulating effects of Echinacea purpurea in gamma irradiated mouse. Egyptian Journal of Radiation Sciences and Applications 2007;20(2):337-364.
5. Mistrikova I, Vaverkova S, Echinacea – chemical composition, immunostimulatory activities and uses. Thaiszia - J of Botany, 2006; 16: 11-26.
6. Chen QL, Wang L, Feng F, Chemical constituents from the aerial part of Echinacea purpurea. Zhong Yao Cai. 2013 ;36(5):739-43.
7. Raso GM et al, In-vivo and in-vitro anti-inflammatory effect of Echinacea purpurea and Hypericum perforatum. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2002;54(10):1379-83.