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"Radiosensitisers and Radioprotectors"

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Brassica compestris

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GENERAL FEATURES

Name: Brassica compestris
Synonyms/Scientific names: Brassica compestris Linn var sarason[1]
,[2],[3],[4]
Brassica rapa L.[1]
Synonyms/common names :
Rapeseed[1],[2]
Trade name:
Description: Family: Brassicaceae(Cruciferae)[2]
Extract used: seed[3] and leaf[5] extract have been used for radioprotection study.
Phyto-constituents
(active):
seed:
(5Z,7E)-4, 4-dimethyl-5-acetyl-5, 7-nonadienoic acid, indole-3-carboxaldehyde, blumenol A, vinylsyringol, sinapinic acid, sinapic acid ethyl ester, protocatechuic acid, crinosterol, campesterol, 7-oxo-stigmasterol, kaempferol, 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, syringic acid and daucosterol[6]
leaf
glucosinolates : Sinigrin, Glucobrassicin, 4-Methoxyglucobrassicin[5]
Actions
& Indications:
Pharmcological Action-
Therapeutic indications:
Preclinical study-
Notes:
REFERENCES
1. Pungent Greens : 12. Field Mustard ; In: Edible Wild Plants by Kallas J, 2010, Page no. 196.
https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=Q-AZur2fNUwC&pg=PA196
2. Rapeseed and Canola ; In : Top 100 Food Plants, by Small E, 2009, Page no. 440.
https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=nyWY_YkV7qAC&pg=PA440
3. Soni AK et al, Modulation of radiation induced alterations in Swiss albino mice byBrassica compestris. Pharmacologyonline. 2006; 2: 190-199.
http://pharmacologyonline.silae.it/files/archives/2006/vol2/15.Soni.pdf
4. Qiblawi S et al, Modulatory influence of Brassica compestris Linn var sarson on phaseII carcinogen metabolizing enzymes and glutathione levels in mice. Indian J Exp Biol. 2003;41(11):1317-21.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15332504
5. Tiku AB, Abraham SK, Kale RK, Protective effect of the cruciferous vegetable mustard leaf (Brassica campestris) against in vivo chromosomal damage and oxidative stress induced by γ-radiation and genotoxic chemicals. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 2008; 49:335–342.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/em.20383
6. Jing WG et al, Chemical constituents from seeds of Brassica campestris. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2014;39(13):2521-5.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25276975