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Bixa orellana

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Name: Bixa orellana
Synonyms/Scientific names: Bixa orellana L.
Bixa acuminata Bojer[1],[2]
Synonyms/common names :
English Names : annatto, anato[1],[2]
Trade name:
Description: Family : Bixaceae[1],[2]
Extract used: seed:
hydroalcoholic extract of seeds has been used for radioprotection study[4]
terpenes farnesylacetone, geranylgeranyl octadecanoate and geranylgeranyl formate, δ-tocotrienol, and an apocarotenoid[6]
bixin, norbixin[7],[8]
Seed oil
(Z,E)-farnesyla cetate, occidentalol acetate, spathulenol and ishwarane, α-thujene, α-pinene, β-pinene, myrcene, p-cymene, limonene, p-cymenene, chrysanthenone, piperitone, eucarvone, β-elemene, α-cubebene, α-ylangene, δ-elemsne, longifolene[9]
Roots, stem and bark:
& Indications:
Pharmcological Action-
anti-inflammatory in rat(leaf extract)[10]
Therapeutic indications:
Parts of the plant have been traditionallu used to make remedies for sunstroke, tonsilitis, burns, leprosy, pleurisy, apnoea, rectal discomfort, diarrhea, dysentery, sores, rashes, swellings, and headaches. Leaves and shoots have been used as antiseptic, astringent, febrifugal and aphrodisiac in traditional medicine[2]
Preclinical study-
1. Bixa orellana L. ;In : Medicinal plants in Papua New Guinea. Information on 126 commonly used medicinal plants in Papua New Guinea, WHO, 2009, page no. 41.
2. Bixa orellana ;In : Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants Volume 1, Fruits, by Lim TK, Springer, 2012, pp 515-526.
3. Vilar D et al, Traditional uses, chemical constituents, and biological activities of Bixa orellana L.: A review, The Scientific World Journal Volume 2014, Article ID 857292, 11 pages.
4. Karchuli MS, Ganesh N, Protective effect of Bixa orellana L. against radiation induced chromosomal aberration in Swiss albino mice. International Journal of Phytomedicine 2009;1: 18-21.
5. Frega N, Mozzon M, Bocci F, Identification and estimation of Tocotrienols in the Annatto lipid fraction by Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 1998;75(12):1723–1727.
6. Jondiko IJO, Pattenden G, Terpenoids and an apocarotenoid from seeds of Bixa orellana. Phytochemistry 1989;28(11):3159-3162.
7. Silva GF et al, Extraction of bixin from annatto seeds using supercritical carbon dioxide. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. 2008;25(2):419 - 426.
8. Chao RR et al, Supercritical CO2 extraction of Annatto (Bixa orellana) pigments and some characteristics of the color extracts. Journal of Food Science. 1991;56(1):80–83.
9. Pino JA, Correa MT, Chemical composition of the essential oil from Annatto (Bixa orellana L.) seeds. Journal of Essential Oil Research. 2003; 15(2): 66-67.
10. Zuraini A et al, Inhibitions of acute and chronic inflammations by Bixa orellana leaves extract. Planta Med 2007; 73 P_ 076.