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Asparagus racemosus

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Name: Asparagus racemosus
Synonyms/Scientific names: Asparagus racemosus Willd[1]
Synonyms/common names :
English name: Indian Asparagus[1]
Trade name:
One of the constituents of "geriforte" powder (Himalaya Drug Co., Bangalore, India)[2]
It is also a constituent of "Dhatriyadi Yoga"[3], and "abana" (Himalaya Drug Co., Bangalore, India)[4]
Description: Family : Asparagaceae (Liliaceae)[6],[1]
Extract used:
Shatavarin - I[8]
Shatavarin - IV[9]
Shatavarin V[10]
Asparagamine A[11]
& Indications:
Pharmcological Action-
hepatoprotective in rats[12],[13]
Antiulcer activity in rats[14]
Antidepressant-like activity in mice
[15], in rats[16]
Anticonvulsant in mice[7]
Therapeutic indications:
Root is used in treatment of diarrhoea, dysentry, skin diseases, dyspepsia, rheumatism and to stimulate appetite[17]
Preclinical study-
Aqueous extract of roots of Asparagus racemosus showed diuretic activity at a 3200 mg/kg dose without acute toxicity.[18]
A clinical study concluded that A. racemosus exhibited significant galactogogue activity in lactating mothers[19]; while another study showed controversial results[20]
1. 3.9 : Satavar ;in : Part II: Medicinal Importance of Climbers used in Unani System of Medicine by Kalam MA, Ahmad G; In : Biotechnological strategies for the conservation of medicinal and ornamental Climbers, edited by Shahzad A, Sharma S, Siddiqui S, Springer, 2015, Page no. 88.
2. Chapter 5 : Immunomodulation : Therapeutic Strategy through Ayurveda by Mungantiwar AA, Phadke AS, Scientific Basis for Ayurvedic Therapies, edited by Mishra LC, CRC Press, 2003, Page no. 70.
3. Shatawari (Asparagus racemosus) ; In : Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation by Puri HS, tailor & Francis, 2003, Page no. 260.
4. 18 : Ashwagandha ; In :The Complete Book on Jatropha (Bio-Diesel) with Ashwagandha, Stevia, Brahmi & Jatamansi Herbs (Cultivation, Processing & Uses), by NIIR Board of Consultants and Engineers, Asia Pacific Business Press Inc., 2008, Page no. 316.
5. 3 : Herbs in Arunachal Pradesh: An exploration for economic viability and sustainability by Chobin D, Rural Development in North East India, edited by Singha K, Patikar G, Concept Publishing Company, 2010, page no. 50.
6. 18 : Phytochemistry of plants used in Traditional medicine, by Gonzalez-Stuart AE, Prakash D, Gupta C ; In: Phytochemicals of Nutraceutical Importance, edited by Prakash D, Sharma G, CABI, 2014, Page no. 302.
7. Shastry RA et al, Phytochemical investigation and antiepileptic activity of Asparagus racemosus (Wild) root extracts in rodents. RGUHS J Pharm Sci 2015;5(3): 97-103.
8. Joshi J, Dev S, Chemistry of ayurvedic crude drugs: Part VIII: Shatavari: 2. Structure elucidation of bioactive shatavarin-I and other glycosides. ChemInform abstracts 1988;19(28):Abstract no. 228.
9. Gohel R et al, Isolation and characterization of Shatavarin IV from root of Asparagus racemosusWilld. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015;7(6):362-365.
10. Hayes PY et al, Asparinins, asparosides, curillins, curillosides and shavatarins: structural clarification with the isolation of shatavarin V, a new steroidal saponin from the root of Asparagus racemosus. Tetrahedron Letters. 2006; 47(49):8683-8687.
11. Sekine T et al, Structure of Asparagamine A, a novel polycyclic alkaloid from Asparagus racemosus. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 1994;42(6):1360-1362.
12. Acharya SR et al, Antioxidant and hepatoprotective action of Asparagus racemosus Willd. root extracts. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 2012;50(11):795-801.
13. Rahiman F, Musambil M, Shejina M, Hepatoprotective Activity of Asparagus racemosus Root against Carbon Tetrachloride Induced Hepatotoxicity in Albino Rats. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res. 2015;30(1): 169-172.
14. Bhatnagar M, Sisodia SS, Bhatnagar R, Antiulcer and antioxidant activity of Asparagus racemosus Willd and Withania somnifera Dunal in rats. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005;1056:261-78.
15. Dhingra D, Kumar V, Pharmacological evaluation for antidepressant-like activity of Asparagus racemosus Willd. in mice. Pharmacologyonline 2007;3: 133-152.
16. Singh GK et al, Antidepressant activity of Asparagus racemosus in rodent models. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009;91(3):283-90.
17. 68 : Asparagus racemosus ; in :Handbook On Medicinal Herbs With Uses, by Panda H, Asia Pacific Business Press Inc., 2004, Page no. 86.
18. Kumar MC et al, Acute toxicity and diuretic studies of the roots of Asparagus racemosus Willd in rats. West Indian Med J 2010; 59 (1): 3-6.
19. Gupta M, Shaw B, A double-blind randomized clinical trial for evaluation of galactogogue activity of Asparagus racemosus Willd. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 2011; 10 (1): 167-172.
20. Sharma S et al, Randomized controlled trial of Asparagus racetnosus (Shatavari) as a lactogogue in lactational inadequacy. Indian Pediatr. 1996;33(8):675-7.